# How to Add Fractions (and Multiply and Divide Fractions)

26th September, 2023

When I teach how to add and subtract fractions, I start with explanations of equivalent fractions and how to simplify them.

Moving on from that, I look at multiplying and dividing fractions – which is easier than adding and subtracting!

Table of Contents

## Equivalent Fractions and Simplifying Fractions

### Equivalent Fractions

If you multiply or divide the numerator and denominator by the same number you have an equivalent fraction.

“*Whatever you do to the top, you do to the bottom*”

### Simplifying Fractions

If you can divide the top and bottom by the same number, you can simplify the fraction.

## How to Multiply Fractions

### Multiply Fractions

### Multiply Fractions – Multiply tops and bottoms

### Multiply Fractions – Simplify Fraction

## How to Divide Fractions

### Divide Fractions – change to a multiply question

To divide fractions, we change it to a multiply question, using “K.F.C.” – Keep, Flip, Change.

- Keep the first fraction
- Flip the numbers on the second fraction
- Change the question to a multiplication

### Divide Fractions – Multiply

### Divide Fractions – Simplify Fraction

## How to Add and Subtract Fractions

### How to Add and Subtract Fractions – when the denominators are the same

The denominators remain the same, simply add or subtract the numerators to find the sum of the fractions.

### How to Add and Subtract Fractions – when the denominators are different

Change to equivalent fractions with common denominators, then add or subtract.

And what’s the best common denominator to use? The one that is the lowest common multiple of the two denominators.

e.g. the lowest common multiple of 3 and 4 is 12. The lowest common multiple of 2 and 5 is 10.

## Printable revision guides on How to Simplify Fractions, How to Add / Subtract Fractions, How to Multiply Fractions and How to Divide Fractions

FREE downloads –

Revision guide on How to Simplify Fractions.

Revision guide on How to Multiply Fractions.

Revision guide on How to Divide Fractions.

Revision guide on How to Add / Subtract Fractions.

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## About Me

My name is Nicola Bhalerao and I am a private tutor based in Warwick. Since 2013, I have provided one-to-one tuition for children and adults. I specialise in maths tutoring, but cater for different requests, ranging from 11+ / entrance exams to various uses of maths, e.g. : interviews, job promotions, GCSE retakes, Functional Skills, nursing, teaching – any situation where **confidence** in maths is required.

My background is in computing, with a Computer Science degree from Warwick University. I have worked many years as a programmer, latterly in the games industry. Both my sons were tutored by me for the 11+ (they went to a local grammar school). I received training for teaching secondary school maths and I am fully CRB checked.

Read here for more information on **tuition for your child** or **tuition for yourself or another adult**.

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"Nicola was a patient tutor, always helpful in answering any questions I had. I’d always found maths quite a scary subject, but through Nicola's tutoring I found I built confidence with the subject"

"Nicola has been very supportive by helping me to fill in the blanks left over from my high school education. This has been crucial to improving my confidence in mathematics"

"I was lacking confidence in maths. Nicola was a fantastic teacher and really helped to improve my technique and approach to maths problems. She is patient, understanding and friendly"

"She was very friendly and professional. After a few sessions I felt much more confident in my ability and passed the numerical reasoning tests. She explains things very clearly"

"Nicola was a patient tutor, always helpful in answering any questions I had. I’d always found maths quite a scary subject, but through Nicola's tutoring I found I built confidence with the subject"